How to Install Sublime Text 4 on Ubuntu Linux 24.04/22.04/20.04

Sublime Text 4 is renowned for its speed, flexibility, and powerful features, making it a top choice for developers and writers alike. Its sleek interface, extensive plugin ecosystem, and customizable settings, Sublime Text 4 enhances productivity across various programming languages and workflows. Whether coding, taking notes, or marking up text, this editor adapts to your needs seamlessly.

Here are some key features of Sublime Text 4:

  • Enhanced Performance: Faster loading times and improved responsiveness for large files and projects.
  • Rich Customization: Personalize themes, key bindings, and snippets to fit your workflow.
  • Powerful Syntax Highlighting: Automatic language detection and vibrant color schemes for better code clarity.
  • Cross-Platform Support: Consistent experience on Linux, Windows, and macOS.
  • Advanced Code Navigation: Tools like Goto Definition and Goto Anything streamline code exploration and editing.

With the introduction out of the way, let’s explore how to install Sublime Text 4 on Ubuntu 24.04, 22.04, or 20.04 LTS distros using the command-line terminal. The method outlined here will utilize the Sublime Text PPA to ensure you get the latest version.

Update Ubuntu System Packages Before Installing Sublime Text 4

Prepare your Ubuntu system for Sublime Text 4 installation by updating the system’s software packages. This step ensures all existing packages are up to date, reducing potential conflicts and compatibility issues with the new installation. Run the following command in the terminal:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

This command combines sudo for administrative privileges, apt update to refresh package lists, and apt upgrade to update all installed packages to their latest versions.

Install Initial Packages for Sublime Text 4

Sublime Text 4 depends on specific packages to function correctly. Although these dependencies might already be installed on most Ubuntu systems, verifying and installing any missing ones ensures a smooth installation process. Execute the command below:

sudo apt install software-properties-common apt-transport-https curl ca-certificates -y

This installs software-properties-common for managing software repositories, apt-transport-https for secure package downloads, and curl along with ca-certificates for handling secure web connections.

Add Sublime Text 4 APT PPA

Sublime Text 4 into Ubuntu requires adding its official APT repository via a PPA (Personal Package Archive). Start by importing the GPG key for secure installation with this command:

curl -fSsL https://download.sublimetext.com/sublimehq-pub.gpg | gpg --dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/sublimehq-pub.gpg > /dev/null

Next, add the Sublime Text repository to your software sources:

Option 1: Import Sublime Text 4 Stable (Recommended)

echo 'deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/sublimehq-pub.gpg] https://download.sublimetext.com/ apt/stable/' | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/sublime-text.list

Option 2: Import Sublime Text 4 Dev Repository

echo 'deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/sublimehq-pub.gpg] https://download.sublimetext.com/ apt/dev/' | sudo tee -ta /etc/apt/sources.list.d/sublime-text.list

Note: Adding both repositories will prioritize the developer version during installation.

Update Package Index and Install Sublime Text 4

After adding the Sublime Text repository, update the APT package index to recognize the additions. Run the following command:

sudo apt update

With the system updated, install Sublime Text 4 using:

sudo apt install sublime-text

This installs the latest version of Sublime Text 4. Verify the installation by checking the version:

subl --version

Launching Sublime Text 4

Opening Sublime Text 4 from the Terminal

After successfully installing Sublime Text 4, you can initiate it directly from the terminal. This approach is especially useful when working in the terminal and accessing the editor without interrupting your workflow. Execute the command below to open Sublime Text 4:

subl

This command instantly launches Sublime Text 4, providing a swift transition from command-line operations to graphical text editing.

Starting Sublime Text 4 through the Graphical User Interface

For those who prefer using Ubuntu’s graphical interface, Sublime Text 4 can also be launched via the desktop environment. Navigate through the application menu using the following path:

Applications > Search > Sublime Text.

Managing Sublime Text 4

Removing Sublime Text 4

You can easily uninstall Sublime Text 4 from your Ubuntu system to free up space or replace it with another editor. This step helps maintain a clean system environment and efficiently manage resources.

Uninstall Sublime Text 4 Using APT

To remove Sublime Text 4, execute the command below in your terminal:

sudo apt remove sublime-text

This command instructs the package manager to uninstall Sublime Text 4 from your system.

Deleting the Sublime Text 4 Repository

Following the application’s removal, it’s advisable to delete the repository to avoid unnecessary updates or conflicts. This action is particularly relevant if you plan to switch between Sublime Text’s development and stable versions.

Run this command to delete the Sublime Text repository:

sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/sublime-text.list

This removes the repository list file for Sublime Text from your system’s sources list.

Removing the Sublime Text 4 GPG Key

For users intending not to reinstall Sublime Text and aiming for a complete system cleanup, removing the GPG key associated with Sublime Text’s repository is recommended. This key is used to verify the authenticity of packages from the repository.

To remove the GPG key, execute:

sudo rm /usr/share/keyrings/sublimehq.gpg

Note that this step is optional and should only be performed if you want to eliminate all components related to Sublime Text from your system.

Conclusion

In this guide, we covered how to install and manage Sublime Text 4 on Ubuntu Linux. We’ve provided the essentials, from setup to advanced customization and workflow tips. Remember, the key to mastering Sublime Text 4 is to explore its features and find the plugins and settings that work best for you. Keep tweaking and tailoring it to your preferences. Happy coding!

Joshua James
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